Employment of children below 14 and 15 years in certain prohibited employments have been prohibited by various Acts but there is no procedure laid down in any law for deciding in which employments, occupations or processes the employment of children should be banned. There is also no law to regulate the working conditions of children in most of the employments where they are not prohibited from working and are working under exploitative conditions. Accordingly it was decided to enact a comprehensive law on the subject. To achieve this objective the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Bill was introduced in the Parliament.
Child Labour Act in India
There are a number of Acts which prohibit the employment of children below 14 years and 15 years in certain specified employments. However, there is no procedure laid down in any law for deciding in which employments, occupations or processes the employment of children should be banned. There is also no law to regulate the working conditions of children in most of the employments where they are not prohibited from working and are working under exploitative conditions.
- This Bill intends to-
(i) ban the employment of children, i.e., those who have not completed their fourteenth year, in specified occupations and processes;
(ii) lay down a procedure to decide modifications to the Schedule of banned occupations or processes;
(iii) regulate the conditions of work of children in employments where they are not, prohibited from working;
(iv) lay down enhanced penalties for employment of children in violation of the provisions of this Act, and other Acts which forbid the employment of children;
(v) to obtain uniformity in the definition of “child” in the related laws.
- The Bill seeks to achieve the above objects.
When the Child Labour Act Implemented
The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Bill, 1986 having been passed by both the Houses of Parliament received the assent of the President on 23rd December, 1986. It came on the Statute Book as The Child Labour (Prohibition And Regulation) Act, 1986 (61 of 1986).
Child Labour Act 1986
The Act is concerned with the issue of child labour, which is a societal issue. This Act forbids the employment of children under the age of 14 in some occupations and governs the working conditions of minors in other occupations. The Act prevents children from working in 13 occupations and 51 procedures.
The amendment authorises the competent Government to confer such powers and impose such obligations on a District Magistrate as necessary to ensure efficient implementation of the Act’s provisions. Furthermore, the State Action Plan has been distributed to all States/UTs to ensure that the Act is implemented effectively.
Article on Child Labour, Child Labour Essay, Essay On Child Labour, Speech on Child Labour
Child labour is a term you might have heard about in news or movies. It refers to a crime where children are forced to work from a very early age. It is like expecting kids to perform responsibilities like working and fending for themselves. There are certain policies which have put restrictions and limitations on children working.
The average age for a child to be appropriate to work is considered fifteen years and more. Children falling below this age limit won’t be allowed to indulge in any type of work forcefully. Why is that so? Because child labour takes away the kids opportunity of having a normal childhood, a proper education, and physical and mental well-being. In some countries, it is illegal but still, it’s a far way from being completely eradicated.
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Causes of Child Labour in India
Child Labour happens due to a number of reasons. While some of the reasons may be common in some countries, there are some reasons which are specific in particular areas and regions. When we look at what is causing child labour, we will be able to fight it better.
Firstly, it happens in countries that have a lot of poverty and unemployment. When the families won’t have enough earning, they put the children of the family to work so they can have enough money to survive. Similarly, if the adults of the family are unemployed, the younger ones have to work in their place.
Moreover, when people do not have access to the education they will ultimately put their children to work. The uneducated only care about a short term result which is why they put children to work so they can survive their present.
Furthermore, the money-saving attitude of various industries is a major cause of child labour. They hire children because they pay them lesser for the same work as an adult. As children work more than adults and also at fewer wages, they prefer children. They can easily influence and manipulate them. They only see their profit and this is why they engage children in factories.
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